Valvular Disease

Pericardial Disease

Myocardial Disease

Congenital Disease

Miscellanous

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Cardiac tumors

Cardiac tumors can be primary (benign or malignant) or metastatic

Primary Benign (Intracardiac)

Types

Myxoma

Definition

A benign cardiac tumor that is usually attached by a stalk to the interatrial septum. Since the tumor is usually mobile and moves with the blood flow, it may completely or partially prolapse into the left ventricle during diastole.

Signs and Symptoms

Complications

Cardiac Auscultation

Electrocardiogram

Chest X-ray

Treatment

M-Mode

2-D

Doppler

 

Papilloma (Fibroelastoma)

 

Lipoma (Lipomatous Hypertrophy of the Interatrial Septum)

 

Fibroma

 

Rhabdomyoma

 

Primary Malignant Intracardiac tumors

Angiosarcoma

Sarcoma

 

Secondary Tumors (Metastatic)

 

 

Echocardiography Books