Valvular Disease

Pericardial Disease

Myocardial Disease

Congenital Disease


Carcinoid Heart Disease


Results from a metastasising carcinoid tumor, usually located in the appendix or ileum. The carcinoid tumor secretes a substance known as serotonin; if the tumor metastases to the liver, the serotonin may be deposited on the endocardial linings of the right heart. The serotonin is inactivated by the lungs.

Signs and Symptoms

General Echocardiographic Findings




Echocardiography Books